The term plastic arts is given to a group of arts concerned with the production of creative artistic works that are tasted through the sense of sight, and it is also called the visual or visual arts. This type of art was previously restricted to the art of drawing, sculpture, and architecture, according to the different means used in it and their diversity, then witnessed The end of the nineteenth century the emergence of the art movement and artistic skills that included, in addition to the previous arts, a number of applied arts such as ceramics, carpentry, jewelry design, and costumes, with the emergence of some artistic styles that combine plastic arts and other audio or spoken arts, and throughout the ages and the succession of civilizations, a number of artists became famous. Plastic artists left an eternal imprint in the history of assortment art, most notably Michelangelo.
Who is Michelangelo
He is Michelangelo Buonarroti, an Italian painter, sculptor, and engineer, born in the Italian city of Caprese in 1475 AD, and he was known as one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance period. Therefore, he had the greatest impact on the arts of his time and the arts of later ages.
Michelangelo grew up in Florence, but the death of his mother when he was young affected his life, so he moved between several houses because of his father’s busyness, who at that time held several government positions, and from those houses in which Michelangelo grew up in the house of a man working in a stone quarry in a town The little boy took from him the love of beating with a chisel and a hammer, then his father sent him to learn the language, so the boy did not show a desire for knowledge until his father was convinced to send him to learn the arts of sculpture, so he gained great and varied experiences with a number of sculptors, and during that period he finished a number of his artistic works that He was widely accepted, which made him the object of envy and jealousy of his fellow students, so that one of his colleagues hit him once in the nose, distorting his appearance, which is what always appears in Michelangelo’s personal photos.
Michelangelo was one of those who saw the naked human body as the main subject of art, as all his works of painting and sculpture contained the human body in various poses, and he was giving his greatest attention to delicate situations that require more effort and creativity in portraying them, and he was keen to challenge himself in Directing his works in the most beautiful manner so that they give the viewer several meanings.
McAngelo drew most of his work from stories and myths, and he paid great attention to Christian religious topics, as he was a very religious artist, and this gave him the opportunity to get acquainted with a large number of religious figures of his time, including popes and saints, in addition to his extensive relations with the influential intellectuals of his time The big and the super-rich, who provided him with great support during his artistic career.
Michelangelo’s move between the cities of Italy had the biggest role in spreading his name among those interested in art, because due to some political events he moved to Venice, then to Rome, and there he received several offers from businessmen and ambassadors; To sculpt a number of statues, the most prominent of which is the sculpture of the Roman god of wine, Bacchus,
One of the greatest of them was his famous sculpture known as the Pitta statue, and the sculpture of Laocoon and his sons, then he returned to Florence to receive an offer to complete a work begun by the famous sculptor Augustine de Duxio forty years ago, which represents the Prophet David who expresses the freedom of Florence, and who then became the most important work Michelangelo at all because of his accuracy and mastery despite the difficulty of the rock from which he was carved and the length of time that passed before the completion of the work, which led to the hardness of the rock and almost impossible to work with, and in that period Angelo finished painting the paintings of the Holy Family and Saint John, and a number of other most important artistic paintings.
Michelangelo returned to Rome in 1505 AD at the invitation of Pope Julius II, who assigned him the task of carving a tomb for himself. But the shrine was not completed until forty years later due to Michelangelo’s interruption of work in it, and the undertaking of several artistic tasks, most notably the drawing and decoration of the ceiling of the Sistan Church, which posed a great challenge to Angelo, and he was able to complete it within four years during which Michelangelo did not implement the work as requested by him. It is a drawing of Christ’s disciples against a bright celestial background. He preferred to take the more difficult road. To prove to all the competitors, who tried repeatedly to underestimate him before the Pope, that he is more entitled to this task and is able to remove the roof of the church in the most beautiful form, and thus he painted the creation of the first human being, his landing with Eve from heaven, then his salvation promised by the prophets, and the roof of the church included what more On 300 paintings, Michelangelo quotes most of its themes from Genesis, the earliest books of the Torah.
Michelangelo is known for his modesty and lack of extravagance in his private life, as he occupied all his time with art in all its forms, as he presented a large number of poetic masterpieces in love, in which many critics see in them a Platonic love for the male, while others consider them an expression of gay love, and Michael Angelo has woven his poems While he was very creative in sculpting and drawing a huge number of artworks, his art eventually developed to be able to carry out huge architectural projects, the most prominent of which was the facade of the Church of Saint Lorenzo in Florence, in which he returned and built a funeral chapel before undertaking the project of the elegant library in the church itself After that, he continued to complete the design of the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica, and to develop the designs that form the basis of the Campidoglio Square Parliament, which was later completed by others.
The Renaissance – the Age of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci (1/2) | DW Documentary
The Renaissance – the Age of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci (2/2) | DW Documentary